Many kinds of schemes for analyzing poetry exist today. Some stress more attention to the verse form, others stress on the semantic content. Actually there are no unified plan on how to write a poetry analysis. The basic defining point is purpose of analysis. The following points that we have organized in a plan, may be replaced or swapped.
Quick Overview about the Author and the Poem
Don’t write all the information you know about the author – describing the facts that are closely related to the analyzed poem will be enough. Give a brief history about the creation of poem: when it was written, to whom was dedicated or with some events related, where first was published, etc.
Identify the genre of poem.
List the attributes of genre. Answer the questions: what place has this genre is in the author works, whether it is typical, to what literary movement the poem belongs to: Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, etc.
Analysis of the Themes and Issues of the Poem
Define the main theme of the poem: love, hate, nature, freedom, etc. Problems – the set of issues raised in the poem. Does it meets the demands of the nowadays? Is it actual for nowadays?
Analysis of Plot and Composition
Shortly retell the plot (if there is one). Is the plot typical, archetypal or original? What is the role of the story elements? Why did the author chose this story? How it accompany the topic and issues? The composition of the poem, its relationship with strofiks and plot.
Find the symbols in poem and explain their role in the plot. If you think that there are no symbols, find keywords and explain their significance. Typically, the keywords and symbols are linked.
The Lyric “I”, the Lyrical Subject, the Image of the Author
Assess the lyrical hero. Does the image of the lyrical hero and lyrical subject matched? Describe the place of lyrical hero in characters system.
Formal Attributes of Poem
Determine the size, meter, rhyming system and strofiks of the poem. Specify if the poem has a solid form. Don’t make the analysis of rhyme if poem is stylized in haiku, ancient genres, or other type of free verse poetry. Explain why the author has chosen this poetry from.
Traditionally stylistic methods include: trails (epithets, metaphors, similes, personification, irony, allegory, paraphrase, hyperbole, etc.), shapes (epiphora, anaphora, gradation, repetition, parallelism, etc.) Also you can add the words of one thematic groups, which play an important role in the poem. Find old fashioned vocabulary, neologisms and explain why the poet used them.
Usually, this section is the largest and detailed in the analysis, so it should be given the greatest attention. You can describe symbols here, “tying” it to the stylistic methods.
Your Personal Assessment
Express own thoughts about the poem. Don’t write primitive sentences “like – not like it.” Your conclusions should be subjective and have strong arguments. It will be the best to chose an objective position and highlight the positive and negative sides of the poem equally.
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